Following the Sephardic Traces from Constantinople to Smyrna

Welcome to Istanbul!

Breakfast.Visit the Pera district which was one of the first areas inhabited by Jews, he remained one of the great buildings built by Barnathan family, a bourgeois family from 19th century. Continue with the steps of CAMONDO. This amazing staircase was donated to the municipality by the famous Galata bank Isaac Camondos the year 1870. Continue with the Jewish Museum.Open to the 500th anniversary of the arrival of the Spanish Jews in the Ottoman Empire, the museum traces the history of this community who lived without experiencing discrimination in their new homeland. Maps, portraits of famous people, valuable documents are set out in this old Sephardic synagogue offered to the Earl of Camondos rich banker, but also patron, the late nineteenth century. Visit the Italian synagogue, a small synagogue glued to walls of Galata. The synagogue, which opened in 1886, has a Gothic façade and a spectacular work of art with its marble staircases.The current building dates from 19.eme century replaced the ancient synagogue destroyed by fire.Lunch and tour of the synagogue that was built by migrants Ahri (City Macedonia) 15 century Balat me. The Teva (prayer desk) is arc-shaped boat is the boat of Noah or in other boats is therefore Sephardic came from Spain during the Ottoman era.A late afternoon boat ride that separates Asia from Europe and connects the Sea of ​​Marmara to the Black Sea. Enjoy the best views of the city and most of the historical monuments of Istanbul. Throughout the Strait and on both sides, you will discover the marble palaces of Dolmabahce, Beylerbeyi, the beautiful wooden Ottoman villas called "Yali" (residence at the edge of the water), medieval fortresses ....Overnight in Istanbul.

Breakfast.Day devoted to exploring the historic monuments of Istanbul, formerly Constantinople and Byzantium was the capital of the Roman and Byzantine Empires, and which in 1453 became the third and last Ottoman capital.Visit the racecourse of Constantinople considered the forum of the ancient city, the most important of the Byzantine era where all Byzantine gathered to attend political or sporting events.Visit the Blue Mosque, Iznik tiles coated, unique in its six minarets and globally famous for its blue interior color scheme.Visit the famous Topkapi Palace, residence of the Ottoman Sultans, with a valuable collection of Chinese porcelain and Turkey, a treasure that reflects the wealth of the empire. This palace is the primary residence of the Ottoman Sultans after the conquest of Constantinople. 15th to 19th, for five centuries the sultans and their harems lived there. Lunch in a typical restaurant in the old city, in the famous district of Sultanahmet.Free time in Grand Bazaar 100 streets and 4,000 shops. Dinner and overnight.

Dinner and overnight at the hotel.

Breakfast. Departure for the visit of St. Saviour in Chora church converted into a mosque by the Ottoman Turks in 1511. Continuing the tour of the greatest work of Sinan dedicated to Suleiman the Magnificent, the Suleymaniye Mosque and the mausoleums of Sinan and Roxalane. Lunch at "Sultani" restaurant. The afternoonTransfer to the airport for departure in Izmir.Arrive in Izmir, orientation and transfer to the hotel for the night ride.

Discovery of Jewish heritage begins with cortijo or lived Sephardic families. Continue with the house Sabbatia Zevi was born in Smyrna (Izmir) in a wealthy family of Andalusian origin. He was a student of Joseph Eskapha, the chief rabbi of Izmir from which he received a Bible education, Talmudic and cabalistic. At 18, he was already considered a great Kabbalist, the owners will recognize as Chacham (wise).
Continuing with the street called Havra, which is located in the Jewish Quarter part of the project of Smyrna.
Visit Synagogues: The Portuguese Synagogue, The Siege of Rabin Synagogue Beith Hilal; Synagogue Etz Ha-Haim, the Synagogue Algazi, Chevra Synagogue, Synagogue Signora, the Synagogue called Los Foresteros 'Orahim', the Shalom synagogues and synagogue Bikur.
Lunch on the street and free time Havra Kemeraltı.
At the end of the afternoon meeting with the director of Izmir project on behalf of the Association of Sephardim Symirne: Monsiur Nesim Bencoya.
Back to the hotel for dinner and overnight.Jour 6/ Izmir& Sardes

Visit Sardis, which was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Lydia, one of the most important cities of the Persian Empire, the seat of a proconsul under the Roman Empire, and the metropolis of the province Lydia the late Roman and Byzantine times. Since 1958, both Harvard and Cornell have sponsored annual archeological expeditions to Sardis. These excavations have unearthed perhaps the most impressive synagogue in the western diaspora yet discovered from antiquity, yielding over eighty Greek and seven Hebrew inscriptions as well as numerous mosaic floors. The synagogue was part of a large bath-gymnasium complex, which was used for about 450 to 500 years. At the beginning, in the middle of the second century AD, the rooms the synagogue is used in locker rooms or restrooms. The complex was destroyed in 616 AD by the Sassanian-Persian. Lunch and return to Izmir to visit the elevator built by Nesim Levi in ​​the former Jewish neighborhood called Karatas. Visit the neighborhood of Dario Moreno. Dario Moreno: His real name was David Arugete He was placed in the orphanage Sephardic Izmir and stayed there until he was four years old.He began singing in the bar mitzvah celebrations, a secondary activity. In his early twenties, he had already become a well-known singer in Izmir, especially among the Jewish community. During his military service in the Turkish army, he worked as a singer in the officers' quarters in different garrisons and became more focused on the music. His first professional musical performance started in his hometown shortly after his release, through connections established while under the arms. Since he started making money through music, he moved to affluent Jewish quarter of Karatas in a house in a street leading to the historic building Asansör, one of the landmarks of the city (which means literally "lift" people who take a real lift to go to the top of the quarter, this part being separated by the Strait of coastline with a steep slope). This street is named Dario Moreno Sokagi (Dario Moreno Street) today in his memory.Back to the hotel for dinner and overnight.

Breakfast at the hotel. Departure by road through the valley of the Grand Meander and arrived at the grand Ephesus, one of the most beautiful cities of the ancient world and the oldest and largest Greek cities of Asia Minor.Visit the site where we discover the Marble Street, the Agora, the Odeon, the Fountain of Trajan, the Temple of Hadrian, the Library of Celsus, the Theatre, the remains of the Temple of Artemis, which was part of the Seven wonders of the World. Visit the House of the Virgin Mary, known shrine by the Vatican, Christian religious place near Ephesus, seven kilometers from Selçuk, where according to tradition, the Virgin Mary was led by John the Evangelist after the crucifixion Christ, fleeing persecution in Jerusalem, and remaining until the blessed Assumption or dormition according to the Orthodox. Lunch during visits. The day will be completed with a visit to Ephesus Archaeological Museum: The museum's collections include about 50,000 objects from the fourth millennium BC. BC to modern times, covering the period of classical antiquity and the medieval period being best represented. Back to Kusadasi or Izmir for dinner and overnight at the hotel.Jour

Transfer to the airport for the return flight.